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在"S+V+IO+DO"的句型中,其被动语态,在习惯上区分为下列三种:

a. 可有两种被动语态的动词如:award, buy, give, leave, lend, offer, pay, show, teach, tell

He gave me a bike.

他给了我一辆自行车。

A bike was give me (by him).

一辆自行车被给我。

I was given a bike (by him).

我被给了一辆自行车。

b.通常用直接宾语作被动语态的主语的一些动词bring, do, make, pass, sell, send, sing, write…

He wrote her a letter.

他写给她一封信。

A letter was written (to) her by him.(合习习惯)

She was written a letter.(不合习惯)

My sister made me a doll.

我姊姊给我做了个洋娃娃。

A doll was made (for) me by my sister.(合习惯)

I was made a doll by my sister.(不合习惯)

c.通常用间接宾语做被动态的主语的一些动词 answer, deny, envy, refuse, save, spare…

He answered me the question.

他回答我问题。

I was answered the question by him.(合习惯)

The question was answered me by him.(不合习惯)

The authorities refused James a passport.

当局拒发给杰姆斯护照。

James was refused a passport by the authorities.(合习惯)

A passport was refused James by the authorities.(不合习惯)

必背!

常使用双宾语的动词tell, show, buy, ask, pass, write, do, make, sell, send, sing, give,

answer, teach, offer, pay, promise, allow, award…

3.含有宾语补足语的句子(SVOC)的被动语态

主动句:S+V+O+C(宾语补足语)

被动句:S+ be +过去分词+C+ by +O(原主语之宾格形式)

有宾语补足语的主动语态改为被动语态时,补足语放在过去分词之后,其位置虽然维持不变,但语法功

能变了--此时的补足语不再是宾语补足语,而变成了主语补足语。

We call him Great Man.

主 谓 宾 宾补

我们叫他"伟人"。

He is called Great Man (by us).

他被我们称为"伟人"。

They will make the city more beautiful.

主 谓 宾 宾补

他们将会让城市更美丽。

The city will be made more beautiful (by them).

主 谓 主补

城市将会被弄得更美丽。

We saw the flags raising.

主 谓 宾 宾补

我们看见旗子升上去。

The flags was seen raising.

主 谓 主补

旗子被看见升上去。

He saw a thief steal something from the room.

主谓宾宾补

我们看见一个小偷从屋子里偷了东西。

A thief was seen to steal something from the room.

主 谓 主补

一个小偷被看见从屋子里偷了东西。

注意

所有带不定式宾语补足语的动词,在变为被动语态时,不定式前都有to,特别是感官动词(see, watch,

look at, observe, listen to, hear, feel)和使役动词(make, have)在主动语态的句子中,宾语补足

语前省略了to,在变为被动语态时,主语补语前一律加to。(含有let的句子在变为被动语态时,to可

以略)。

 

 
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